Archive for the ‘Publications by Paolo’ Category

Paolo Davide Farah, “Trade and Progress: The Case of China”, 30 (1) COLUMBIA JOURNAL OF ASIAN LAW, Fall 2016, pp. 51-112.

The full article can be downloaded at the following link:



China’s accession to the WTO is widely understood as an important step towards greater global market liberalization and integration. However, this step has been also perceived in an ambivalent way. On one hand, the global market liberalization would have never been really completed without participation of such a major player as China. On the other hand, many observers articulated concerns about China’s ability to integrate into the WTO system. In order to tackle the issues of concern, attention was paid mainly to technical issues, which were seen as a precondition for China’s successful integration into the WTO system. For this reason, topics related with market integration, such as e.g. liberalization requirements, as well as topics related with transparency and legal and administrative policies, necessary for securing of just and equitable resolution of commercial and trade disputes, were initially addressed.

Still, in the light of the changing and evolving geopolitical climate, it has become more evident that Non-Trade Concerns (NTCs) might be another multifaceted topic requiring special attention. EU and US, becoming increasingly aware of the fact that competition of economies with different level of development might result not only in job losses in developed countries due to relocation of production, but also to general deterioration of environmental, social and health standards, have accentuated the importance of a global consensus on NTCs and their inclusion into EU and US external policies concerning foreign trade and investment. Civil society from the developed world, in general, is afraid that further liberalization may endanger public policies at different levels: environmental protection and sustainable development, good governance, cultural rights, labor rights, public health, social welfare, national security, food security, access to knowledge, consumer protection, and animal welfare.

On the other hand, coalition consisting of China and other BRICS countries as well as other developing countries gaining more influence in the WTO and other international fora has been able to articulate discontent with measures adopted by developed countries to address NTCs. The clash between interests of developed and developing countries reveals potential unfairness and inconsistencies of the international system, including the international trade system, which needs to undergo a deep reform to integrate the developing countries’ needs.

Many of the measures that developed countries introduce to address NTCs were received by developing countries with suspicion, resistance, and even hostility. Developing countries, including China, doubt the authenticity of such considerations and think they might actually hide protectionist purposes. Additionally, developing countries see these measures as an indirect form of western imperialism whereby they will have no choice but to comply with the social, ethical, and cultural values of the developed states. Nonetheless, not only has China undergone serious reforms and adopted new regulations to address the issue of NTCs, but the country has even begun to play an important role in the international negotiations on NTCs—such as those on climate change, energy, culture, and so on.

However, at the same time it provides an opportunity for China and other developing countries to defend their interests in a constructive dialogue with developed countries and restructure the system in order to find a necessary balance between globalization and sustainable development or to shape it according to their interests.

TO DOWNLOAD THE FULL ARTICLE: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3020365


Keywords: Globalization, WTO, International Economic Law, Trade, Non-Trade Concerns, Good Governance, Human Rights, Right to Water and Food, Social and Economic Rights, Cultural Rights, Labour, Environment, Climate Change, Energy, Intellectual Property, Health, Sustainability

JEL Classification: Q40, Q48, Q50, Q56, Q58, Q34, Q37, Q32, Q23, Q24, Q25, Q27, K33, K32 Q17, Q18

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gLAWcal Newsletter – Issue no. 16, 2014: Focus on Healthcare Policy in the World

Newsletter gLAWcal - Issue 16, 2014 JPEG

The Special Issue of gLAWcal Newsletter with focus on “Healthcare Policy in the World” has been realized by gLAWcal – Global Law Initiatives for Sustainable Development (United Kingdom) in collaboration with the University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin (Italy) and the University of Piemonte Orientale, Novara (Italy), which are both beneficiaries of the European Union Research Executive Agency IRSES Project “Liberalism in Between Europe And China” (LIBEAC) coordinated by Aix-Marseille University. This work has been realized in the frame of Workpackage 4

Full text available at the following link:

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June 2014 – Paolo Farah (Istituto Universitario di Studi Europei – IUSE), Riccardo Tremolada (Università del Piemonte Orientale – UNIPMN), Diritti di proprietà intellettuale, diritti umani e patrimonio culturale immateriale (Intellectual Property Rights, Human Rights and Intangible Cultural Heritage), in Rivista di Diritto Industriale (Journal of Intellectual Property Law), Issue 2, Part I, 2014, ISSN: 0035-614X, Giuffre, pp. 21-47 – Work-package 2 & 4

Full Text Available online: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2472388

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March 2014 – First LIBEAC Publication – Paolo Farah (Istituto Universitario di Studi Europei – IUSE), Riccardo Tremolada (Università del Piemonte Orientale – UNIPMN), Desirability of Commodification of Intangible Cultural Heritage: The Unsatisfying Role of IPRs, in TRANSNATIONAL DISPUTE MANAGEMENT, Special Issues “The New Frontiers of Cultural Law: Intangible Heritage Disputes”, Volume 11, Issues 2, March 2014, ISSN 1875-4120.- Work-package 2 & 4

Full Text Availabler Online: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2472339

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Paolo Davide Farah, L’energia nel contesto degli accordi dell’OMC: sovvenzioni per le energie rinnovabili e pratiche OPEC di controllo dei prezzi – The Energy in the Context of the WTO Agreements: Subsidies for the Renewable Energy and the OPEC Practice of Control of the Price (with Elena Cima), RIVISTA DI DIRITTO DEL COMMERCIO INTERNAZIONALE, 2/2013, ISSN: 1593-2605, pp. 343-381 (in Italian)

Available at:  http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2330360

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“L’energia nel contesto degli accordi dell’OMC: sovvenzioni per le energie rinnovabili e pratiche OPEC di controllo dei prezzi” (with Elena Cima), (The Energy in the Context of the WTO Agreements: Subsidies for the Renewable Energy and the OPEC Practice of Control of the Price), RIVISTA DI DIRITTO DEL COMMERCIO INTERNAZIONALE, 2/2013, ISSN: 1593-2605, pp. 343-381 (in Italian)

To download the full file: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2330360

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Farah, P.D. (2012), Internazionalizzazione, dumping e aiuti di stato: la posizione dell’UE e le misure di difesa commerciale per le imprese (Internationalization, Dumping and State Aids: the EU Position and the Trade Defense Measures for the Enterprises), Rapporto Veneto Internazionale (Report Veneto International), Centri Studi e Ricerche Economiche e Sociali (Center for Economic and Social Studies and Research), Casa Editrice Vianello Libri, Venezia, 2012, pp. 207-222

To download the file of the chapter please click on the following link: Paolo Davide Farah Internazionalizzazione, dumping e aiuti di stato la posizione dell’UE e le misure di difesa commerciale per le imprese


1. La disciplina comunitaria e le misure di difesa commerciale per le imprese

2. Le misure antidumping e la relativa procedura

3. Le misure antisovvenzione

4. Le misure di salvaguardia

5. Gli strumenti di difesa commerciale dell’Unione europea e le Piccole e Medie Imprese

Internazionalizzazione del mercato, dumping e aiuti di stato: la posizione dell’Ue e le misure di difesa commerciale per le imprese

di Paolo Davide Farah 


Nell’arena internazionale del mercato globale, gli imprenditori e le imprese dell’Unione europea sono chiamati a far fronte a numerose insidie concorrenziali, alcune delle quali provenienti da Paesi terzi. La continua e crescente internazionalizzazione del mercato fa emergere la necessità impellente per le imprese comunitarie di rispondere alle varie sfide concorrenziali in modo efficace e tempestivo, avvalendosi degli strumenti di difesa commerciale elaborati dall’ordinamento comunitario.

Gli Stati membri dell’Unione europea hanno infatti sviluppato una propria politica commerciale comune verso i Paesi terzi, finalizzata a favorire lo sviluppo del commercio mondiale, l’abolizione progressiva delle restrizioni agli scambi e la riduzione delle barriere tariffarie. La liberalizzazione degli scambi richiede tuttavia la chiara definizione di diritti ed obblighi in capo alla totalità dei partner commerciali e questo determina la necessità di disporre meccanismi giuridici che assicurino il rispetto delle norme di corretta concorrenza tra imprese che operano nell’arena internazionale.

Riferimenti bibliografici

Aggarwal A. (2004), “Macro Economic Determinants of Antidumping: A Comparative Analysis of Developed and Developing Countries”, World Development 32(6): 1043-1057.

Baldwin R., Evenett S. (2008), What World Leaders Must Do to Halt theSpread of Protectionism, Londres: VoxEU.org.

Cadot O., Melo J. de, Tumurchudur B. (2007), “AntiDumping Sunset Reviews: The Uneven Reach of WTO Disciplines”, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Discussion Paper No. DP6502. 

Czako J., Human J., Miranda J. (2003), An Handbook on Antidumping Investigations, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Farah P. D. (2006), “Five Years of China’s WTO Membership. EU and US Perspectives about China’s Compliance with Transparency Commitments and the Transitional Review Mechanism”, Legal Issues of Economic Integration, Kluwer Law International, Volume 33, Number 3, pp. 263- 304. Accessibile online: https://paolofarah.files.wordpress.com/2011/03/ paolofarahliei263-304.pdf 

Farah P. D., Cima E. (2010), “China’s Participation in the World Trade Organization: Trade in Goods, Services, Intellectual Property Rights and Trasparency Issues”, in Aurelio Lopez-Tarruella Martinez (edited), El comercio con China. Oportunidades empresariales, incertidumbres jurídicas, Tirant lo blanch, Valencia (Spain), pp. 83-121. Accessibile online: https://paolofarah.files.wordpress.com/2011/03/el-comercio-conchina-di-p-d-farah-e-cima-versione-finale.pdf 

Farah P., Soprano R. (2009), “Dumping e Anti-dumping”, Il Sole 24 Ore, pp. XXIV-183. 

Gruenspecht H. K. (1988), “Dumping and Dynamic Competition”, in Journal of International Economics 25(3-4): 225- 248. 

Yano H. (2006), “Recent Trends and Developments in the Use of Safeguard Measures – with Brief Comparisons with other Trade Remedy Instruments”, in Matsushita M., Akn D., Chen T.-J. (ed.), The WTO Trade Remedy System: East Asian Perspectives, Londres: Cameron May: 159-170. 

Miranda J., Torres R. A., Ruiz M. (1998), “The International Use of Antidumping: 1987-1997”, in Journal of World Trade 32(5): 5-71. 

Prusa T. J. (2005), “Anti-dumping: A Growing Problem in International Trade” The World Economy 28, no. 5: 683-700. 

Prusa T. J. (2001), “On the Spread and Impact of Anti-Dumping”, Canadian Journal of Economics 34, no. 3: 591-611. 

Zanardi M. (2004), “Anti-Dumping Law As a Collusive Device”, in Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d’économique.

* Senior Lecturer in Law (Professore Associato di diritto internazionale dell’economia) presso la Edge Hill University, Department of Law & Criminology (Regno Unito); Visiting Scholar, Harvard Law School, East Asian Legal Studies; Responsabile dell’Unità di ricerca presso l’Istituto Universitario di Studi Europei (IUSE) a Torino e Vice-coordinatore scientifico dell’intero progetto POREEN finanziato dalla Commissione europea e coordinato dall’Università di Macerata. Il presente lavoro e’ parte dei risultati del progetto POREEN. Per informazioni e commenti : paolofarah@yahoo.com

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